Xalapa, Mexico

City of Flowers.

Xalapa in the state of Veracruz (VL), Mexico, is Omaha’s fifth sister city, joining the ranks in 2005. Xalapa is very much a good match with Omaha because it is about the same size and like Omaha has several universities, including a medical college. It may be best known as the home of one of the two finest anthropological museums in Mexico, second only to the one in the nation’s capital. It is perhaps less well known as the namesake for jalapeño peppers.


Xalapa’s population is approximately 390,000.


Xalapa covers just under 119 square kilometers. The city is approximately 19.1 kilometers north-to-south and 15.7 kilometers east-to-west. Xalapa’s altitude averages 1200 meters above sea level, about three times as high above sea level as Omaha. The annual average temperature is 65 degrees Fahrenheit. It rains frequently in summer and early autumn, resulting in an annual average precipitation of nearly 60 inches.


Xalapa is located on the slopes of the Sierra Madre Oriental in a rich agricultural region of fertile valleys. It is known for its beautiful parks, artificial lakes, and the proximity of interesting ruins. Xalapa is well known for its colonial architecture; diverse geography, including the Texolo waterfall at Xico; and the snow-capped volcano Pico de Orizaba.


The exact time when the area of Xalapa became inhabited is unknown. The historian Rivera Cambas estimates it was about 1300, at the time Tenochtitlan was founded, according to legend. It is not known either with certainty who were the first settlers. They might have been the Totonacas, who first settled in the foothills of the Macuiltépetl, founding later the town of Xallitic. Other historians think that the first settlers were the Toltecas, who in their travels towards Yucatan and Central America stopped some time in the area.

Top Businesses

National supermarket chain with over 35,000 employees
Mueblerías Crediland
Furniture chain store with 1000 employees
Abarrotes Fasti
Mini mart/convenience store chain with 60 units
Bola de Oro
Coffee grower/roaster with 25 coffee shops
Plastic bag manufacturer
Medicine and bio products manufacturing
Motorcyle manufacturer
Water and beverage bottler
Mole Xiqueño
Mole factory selling to supermarket chains
Productos la Higuera
Packaged meat company

Did you know?

Xalapa, sometimes spelled Jalapa, has been described as an enclave of writers, artists, college students, and musicians, with Baroque and Neoclassical architecture and cobblestone streets. At night you can hear top-notch live music, by day you can visit great museums. Nearby mountains and forests are gorgeous for hiking and picnicking. Between the urban sophistication of Mexico City and the rumble of the port of Veracruz lies the highland charmer Xalapa (pronounced ha-LA-pa), the City of Flowers.

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Mexican Flag

The flag of Mexico is a vertical tricolor of green, white, and red with the national coat of arms in the center of the white stripe. The current flag was adopted in 1968, but the overall design has been used since 1821, when the First National Flag was created.